Table 3

Primary Prevention of Asthma and Allergies in Early Life

Preventive Measures

Smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke should be avoided, especially during pregnancy and early childhood

Alcohol consumption should be avoided by the mother during pregnancy and lactation

Damp housing conditions should be avoided and indoor air pollutants reduced, especially for high-risk children (history of atopy or allergy in a first-degree relative)

Breast-feeding should be performed exclusively until 6 months with no special diet for the lactating mother (except when the mother is already diagnosed with food allergy)

Nonprescription drugs should be avoided during pregnancy and lactation unless recommended by a physician

Pali-Schöll et al. World Allergy Organization Journal 2009 2:26-36   doi:10.1186/1939-4551-2-3-26

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